8 Important and Mandatory Parts of Yoga

8 Important and Mandatory Parts of Yoga, eight limbs of yoga, 8 limbs of yoga, 8 limbs of ashtanga yoga, eight limbs of ashtanga yoga

Introduction ~ 8 Important and Mandatory Parts of Yoga

8 Important and Mandatory Parts of Yoga. I’m sure most of us are attempting to do Yoga as an exercise. Ashtanga Yoga is not a workout. Yoga has eight important and mandatory parts. This is to tone both your body and mind. Eight limbs of Yoga are known as Ashtanga Yoga in Hinduism. Ang – Parts (sometimes known as limbs).

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8 Limbs of Yoga

All eight components of Yogic Practice are required. Today, however, we do Yoga solely to tone our bodies and live a healthy lifestyle. We are back into worldly things and stressed after a Yoga Session. Let’s take a closer look at these eight indivisible components of Yoga. Beginner Ashtanga yoga.

1. Yama – Moral Practices (Don’ts).

Yama is the first crucial concept to understand before beginning Yoga. In Hinduism, this leads human life to Ethical rules and might be termed moral needs. These are the Dos and Don’ts. Yamas are further subdivided into five parts.

1.1) Ahinsa (अहिंसा) – Being Non-Violent

Ahinsa is the act of not being violent to any other living creature. Harming any live creature is banned in Hinduism.

Harm should never be deemed protective. They are not the same thing. However, unless you are faced with an extreme situation. Don’t be violent to anyone. This, in my opinion, is the proper attitude to Ahinsa; otherwise, the country will perish.

1.2) Satya (सत्य) – Being Truthful.

Satya is completely honest. You must be truthful in order to tone your thoughts. Being real adds significant value to your life while also maintaining mental stability.

You’re lying, and you’ll always be concerned about getting discovered. This will simply throw off your mental equilibrium.

1.3) Asteya (अस्तेय) – Non-Stealing

It is against the law to steal something that belongs to someone else. Someone who steals will never have a stable mind. He will either constantly consider stealing or be terrified of being caught.

Non-stealing gives you an additional ethical morality of self-satisfaction. If you are content with what you have, you can achieve mental stability.

1.4) Brahmacharya (ब्रह्मचर्य)

Acquiring knowledge and detaching oneself from sexual desires. This is significant because the more you learn, the more stable your thinking gets.

Sexual impulses just serve to undermine your mental stability. Sex is necessary for reproduction and generation growth. A mind that is constantly looking for ways to satisfy sexual urges, on the other hand, will take a less than optimal path to mental stability.

1.5) Aparigraha (अपरिग्रह) – Being Non-Possessive

Possession of someone or something is not advisable for a steady mind. Some things are beyond your control or that you may not always perceive to be yours. You must let them go because when you get possessive, you seek to exert control over others. You deviate from the path of mental stability.

Yama’s five divisions are intended to help you grow as a person. You will have completed the first step of Ashtanga Yoga if you perform these.

2. Niyama – Habits to Practice (Do’s)

Niyama are the rules for healthy Yoga habits to practice. Niyama means “following the rules.” Niyama is further subdivided into six segments.

2.1) Shaucha (शौच) – Purity of Body, Clearness of Mind

This is referred to as purity. The body, mind, and speech must all be clear. Yoga can be practiced with a clean and healthy physique. At the same time, your thoughts should be clear, and your speech should be in sync with them.

2.2) Santosha (संतोष) – Self-Contentment

Self-satisfaction is a discipline that might help you maintain your morale. You are conscious of your situation, and you should be aware that someone else’s situation is not the same as yours. Acceptance of other people’s points of view or situations is required. Don’t pass judgment.

If you are conscious of your circumstances, you realize that the situation will pass or that you must accept it positively in order to get out of it.

Be content and satisfied with yourself. This is the reality: we are never content because we always need more money, more wealth, and something more.

2.3) Tapas (तपस्) – The act of self-discipline

Being persistent and being self-disciplined is what we need to do for Yogic Practice.

An act of self-discipline is a deliberate action or decision made by an individual to limit or control their impulses, emotions, or actions in order to achieve a specific goal or maintain certain beliefs. It requires putting long-term benefits or personal advancement ahead of short-term pleasure or temptation. Self-discipline is necessary in many aspects of life, including personal development, education, employment, relationships, health, and others.

2.4) Svadhyaya (स्वाध्याय) – Study of Self

The study of the Vedas is advised. It is, in my opinion, necessary in order to know oneself.

You must gaze inside in order to study yourself. When you are conscious of your thoughts, speech, and actions, you can notice self-reflection.

Svadhyaha is attained via self-study, self-reflection, and examination of one’s own thoughts, speech, and actions.

2.5) Ishvarapranidhana (ईश्वरप्रणिधान) – Contemplation of the Supreme Being

Always be conscious of the presence of God, the Supreme Being. You must comprehend the significance of the creator.

Feel the most essential power in the cosmos, creativity, as you look inside yourself. It exists within you, and you will be aware of the presence of the solitary creator within you. Patanjali Ashtanga Yoga teaches you this.

3. Asana

Yoga positions should never make you feel uncomfortable or anxious. According to secondary works that investigate Patanjali’s sutra (correct spinal posture), when meditating while seated, keep your chest, neck, and head upright.

The Bhasya commentary, which is said to be by Patanjali himself and is related to the Sutras, recommends twelve sitting meditation positions.

  • Padmasana (lotus)
  • Virasana (hero)
  • Bhadrasana (The Gracious Pose)
  • Svastikasana (lucky mark)
  • Dandasana (staff)
  • Sopasrayasana (supported)
  • Paryankasana (bedstead)
  • Krauncha-nishadasana (seated heron)
  • Hastanishadasana (seated elephant)
  • Ushtranishadasana (seated camel)
  • Samasansthanasana (evenly balanced)
  • Sthirasukhasana (any motionless posture that is in accordance with one’s pleasure)

The Hatha Yoga Pradipika, published over a thousand years later, identifies four of Shiva’s most important asanas out of the 84 it teaches. It covers how to do these four asanas, as well as eleven more. Asanas are prominent and abundant in modern yoga, unlike in any other style of yoga.

Siddhasana (accomplished)


Padmasana (lotus)

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Simhasana (lion)

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Bhadrasana (glorious or gracious pose)


4. Pranayama – Control of Breath

Pranayama is the practice of controlling one’s breath. It is derived from 2 Sanskrit words, Prana (प्राण) and Ayama (आयाम, meaning restraint).

After establishing the proper posture, the next recommended step is pranayama. the careful control of one’s breath (inhalation, full pause, expiration, and empty pause). This can be performed in a variety of ways, including inhaling for a brief minute before stopping, exhaling for a brief moment before commencing, delaying the inhalation and exhalation, or purposely varying the timing and length of the breath (deep, short breathing).

5. Pratyahara – Control of Senses

Pratyahara is a combination of two Sanskrit words Prati- (प्रति, which means “against”) and Ahara (आहार, meaning “bringing near”)

It means withdrawing the sensory experience from external things. It is a stage of abstraction and self-extraction. Pratyahara is the intentional closing of one’s cognitive processes to the sensory world rather than closing one’s eyes to the sensory world. Pratyahara enables one to stop being governed by the outside world, to turn one’s attention inward to seek self-knowledge, and to experience the freedom that is innate to one’s inner reality.

The latter three limbs of Patanjali’s Ashtanga yoga, which perfect the yogi’s inner state, mark a shift in the yoga experience from the first four limbs, which perfect the yogi’s external forms. Traveling from the outside to the inside, or from the physical body’s outer sphere to the spiritual realm’s inner sphere.

6. Dharana: One-Pointedness and Awareness

Dharana (धारणा) is the Sanskrit word for concentration, introspective focus, and single-mindedness of thought. The word’s root, dhri, means “to retain, maintain, or preserve.”

The sixth limb of yoga is dharana, which is the act of focusing one’s attention on an inner state, issue, or topic. A mantra, one’s breath, navel, the tip of one’s tongue, any other area, an object to be examined, or a thought or concept in one’s head can all lead the mind to become stuck. Maintaining a single concentration and preventing mental wandering and subject-switching are all part of fixing the mind.

7. Dhyana

Dhyana (ध्यान) denotes “deep, abstract meditation” and “contemplation, reflection.”

Dhyana is contemplating, reflecting on whatever Dharana is thinking about. Dhyana is the sixth limb of yoga that emphasizes the contemplation of the personal god. If the emphasis is on a single item, dhyana is the neutral, unassuming contemplation of that item. If a concept or idea were the focus, Dhyana would examine it from every angle and evaluate its implications. Dhyana is a continuous stream of thought, awareness, and cognition.

Dhyana and Dharana are inextricably intertwined; one leads to the other. Dharana refers to a mental state, whereas Dhyana refers to a mental process. Dhyana is distinguished from Dharana by the meditator’s active engagement with the focus. Contemplation (Dhyana) is described by Patanjali as a mental process in which the mind is concentrated on something and then “a path of uniform change of knowledge” occurs.

In his commentary on the Yoga Sutras, Adi Shankara distinguishes Dhyana from Dharana, defining Dhyana as the yoga state in which there is only a “stream of continuous thought about the object, uninterrupted by other thoughts of different kind for the same object”; Dharana, according to Shankara, is focused on one object but aware of its many aspects and ideas about the same object.

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8. Samadhi

Samadhi (समाधि) is a Sanskrit word that signifies “connecting, integrating with, unification, harmonious whole, trance.” When concentrating on an object in samadhi, only the object of awareness is there, and the awareness that is meditating departs. Samadhi is divided into two types: Samprajnata Samadhi, which requires the assistance of an object of meditation, and Asamprajnata Samadhi, which does not.

8.1) Samprajnata Samadhi

A concentration object (such as a lamp flame, the tip of the nose, or a picture of a god) is required for Samprajtnta Samadhi (संप्रज्ञाता, Sampragyata). Perception, the spoken word, and knowledge about the goal of meditation are all forms of conceptualization (vikalpa).

8.2) Asamprajnata Samadhi

Asamprajnata Samadhi (असमप्रज्ञात समाधि ), also known as Nirvikalpa Samadhi (निर्विकल्प समाधि) and Narbija Samadhi (निर्बीज समाधि), is an objectless meditation that leads to an understanding of purusha or consciousness, the subtlest element.

Conclusion, Eight Limbs of Ashtanga Yoga

I explained the eight elements of Ashtanga yoga in this piece. This is the Ashtanga Yoga philosophy. Yoga is beneficial to both the mind and the body. It cleanses both your thoughts and your body.

Yoga’s eight sections must be completed in stages and sequence. You cannot go forward to any of the sections and begin following it.

These 8 Important and Mandatory Yoga Parts correspond to your body’s 8 chakras. Many people practice chakra meditation without adhering to fundamental aspects of Yoga. How do they believe they can raise their chakras?

This post discussed Ashtanga Yoga and Patanjali Ashtanga Yoga. This article might help novices comprehend ashtanga yoga.

People are promoting aerobics or exercises in the name of Yoga or Modern Yoga. In truth, they are not adhering to the 8 Essential and Mandatory Elements of Yoga.

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