Ramdhari Singh Dinkar | The Powerful Inspirational Poet

Ramdhari Singh Dinkar, the renowned Hindi poet, freedom fighter, and social reformer, holds an esteemed place in the literary landscape of India. Born on September 23, 1908, in Simaria, Bihar, Dinkar emerged as a prominent voice during the Indian Independence movement and later became a national figure celebrated for his profound poetry and profound thoughts. His contributions to literature, philosophy, and the socio-political discourse of his time were remarkable, making him a revered figure even today. In this article, we will delve into the life, works, and lasting impact of Ramdhari Singh Dinkar, exploring his journey as an artist, a patriot, and a visionary.


Ramdhari Singh Dinkar was born into a modest family in the village of Simaria in the then British India. His father, Babu Ravi Singh, was a farmer who valued education and encouraged young Dinkar to pursue his studies. Dinkar displayed an inclination towards literature from an early age, writing poetry and participating in debates during his school days. His passion for the written word grew stronger during his college years at Patna College, where he studied subjects like history, political science, and philosophy.

Dinkar’s literary journey began with his debut poetry collection, “Renuka” (1935), which garnered critical acclaim and established him as a promising poet. His subsequent works, such as “Kurukshetra” (1946), “Parashuram ki Prateeksha” (1954), and “Rashmirathi” (1952), solidified his position as a major literary figure in Hindi literature.

It was during the Indian Independence movement that Dinkar’s nationalism found its fervent expression. He actively participated in various political and social activities, using his powerful verses to inspire and mobilize the masses. Dinkar’s poetry often touched upon themes of courage, sacrifice, and the indomitable spirit of the Indian people. His poems like “Krishna Ki Chetavani” and “Sanskriti ke Char Adhyaya” resonated deeply with the freedom fighters and became anthems of the era.

“Dinkar’s poetry often touched upon themes of courage, sacrifice, and the indomitable spirit of the Indian people.”

Dinkar’s Contribution to Hindi Literature

Ramdhari Singh Dinkar’s literary contributions extended beyond his poetry. He penned several essays and critiques on various subjects, displaying his wide range of knowledge and intellectual prowess. His writings covered diverse topics such as history, philosophy, politics, and culture, reflecting his deep understanding of these subjects.

Dinkar’s magnum opus, “Rashmirathi,” based on the life and exploits of the mythological character Karna from the epic Mahabharata, is considered one of his greatest achievements. This epic poem, with its rich symbolism and powerful language, explores the complexities of morality, duty, and destiny. “Rashmirathi” remains a masterpiece of Hindi literature and a testament to Dinkar’s poetic brilliance.

Another notable work by Dinkar is “Parashuram ki Prateeksha,” a collection of poignant poems that reflect on the changing social landscape of India. Through these verses, Dinkar highlighted the need for social reforms, addressed issues of caste discrimination, and called for a more egalitarian society.

Ramdhari Singh Dinkar’s contributions to Indian literature were widely recognized and celebrated. He received several prestigious awards, including the Sahitya Akademi Award in 1959 for his collection “Sanskriti ke Char Adhyaya” and the Jnanpith Award in 1972, the highest literary honor in India, for his exceptional contributions to Hindi literature. These accolades not only established Dinkar as a literary luminary but also brought Hindi poetry to the forefront of Indian literary consciousness.

Ramdhari Singh Dinkar’s impact extends far beyond his lifetime. His poetry continues to inspire generations of readers and remains relevant in contemporary times. Dinkar’s verses on nationalism, social reform, and human values resonate with the aspirations of the Indian society. He firmly believed in the power of literature to bring about positive change and used his writings as a medium to champion the causes he held dear.

“Dinkar’s verses on nationalism, social reform, and human values resonate with the aspirations of the Indian society.”

Dinkar’s poems are often recited at public gatherings, political rallies, and cultural events, invigorating the spirit of the audience and reminding them of their roots and inherent strength. His ideas on nationalism and patriotism have become ingrained in the collective consciousness of the Indian people, instilling a sense of pride and unity.

Ramdhari Singh Dinkar Famous Poems

Ramdhari Singh Dinkar, one of the most celebrated Hindi poets, has written numerous poems that have left an indelible mark on Indian literature. Here are some of his famous and widely acclaimed poems:

Rashmirathi Book by Ramdhari Singh Dinkar

This poem, written during the Indian Independence movement, captures the essence of Krishna’s message to Arjuna in the Bhagavad Gita. It serves as a clarion call to the Indian people, urging them to rise against injustice and oppression. The poem resonates with the spirit of freedom and encourages individuals to embrace their responsibilities fearlessly.


“Urvashi” is a poetic masterpiece that explores the complexities of love, desire, and the ephemeral nature of worldly attachments. It draws inspiration from the mythological tale of Pururava and Urvashi. Dinkar’s evocative imagery and lyrical language make this poem a timeless piece of Hindi literature.


In the poem “Hunkar” (The Roar), Dinkar pays homage to the strength and valor of the Indian people. It highlights the importance of self-belief, resilience, and determination in the face of adversity. The poem acts as a powerful reminder of the collective power and potential of a nation.

Some lines from the book Hunkar, Poem Parichay.

सलिल कण हूँ, या पारावार हूँ मैं
स्वयं छाया, स्वयं आधार हूँ मैं
बँधा हूँ, स्वपन हूँ, लघु वृत हूँ मैं
नहीं तो व्योम का विस्तार हूँ मैं

समाना चाहता है, जो बीन उर में
विकल उस शून्य की झनकार हूँ मैं
भटकता खोजता हूँ, ज्योति तम में
सुना है ज्योति का आगार हूँ मैं

जिसे निशि खोजती तारे जलाकर
उसी का कर रहा अभिसार हूँ मैं
जनम कर मर चुका सौ बार लेकिन
अगम का पा सका क्या पार हूँ मैं

कली की पंखुरी पर ओस-कण में
रंगीले स्वपन का संसार हूँ मैं
मुझे क्या आज ही या कल झरुँ मैं
सुमन हूँ, एक लघु उपहार हूँ मैं

जलन हूँ, दर्द हूँ, दिल की कसक हूँ,
किसी का हाय, खोया प्यार हूँ मैं।
गिरा हूँ भूमि पर नन्दन-विपिन से,
अमर-तरु का सुमन सुकुमार हूँ मैं।

मधुर जीवन हुआ कुछ प्राण! जब से
लगा ढोने व्यथा का भार हूँ मैं
रुदन अनमोल धन कवि का, इसी से
पिरोता आँसुओं का हार हूँ मैं

मुझे क्या गर्व हो अपनी विभा का
चिता का धूलिकण हूँ, क्षार हूँ मैं
पता मेरा तुझे मिट्टी कहेगी
समा जिस्में चुका सौ बार हूँ मैं

न देखे विश्व, पर मुझको घृणा से
मनुज हूँ, सृष्टि का श्रृंगार हूँ मैं
पुजारिन, धूलि से मुझको उठा ले
तुम्हारे देवता का हार हूँ मैं

सुनुँ क्या सिंधु, मैं गर्जन तुम्हारा
स्वयं युग-धर्म की हुँकार हूँ मैं
कठिन निर्घोष हूँ भीषण अशनि का
प्रलय-गांडीव की टंकार हूँ मैं

दबी सी आग हूँ भीषण क्षुधा की
दलित का मौन हाहाकार हूँ मैं
सजग संसार, तू निज को सम्हाले
प्रलय का क्षुब्ध पारावार हूँ मैं

बँधा तूफ़ान हूँ, चलना मना है
बँधी उद्याम निर्झर-धार हूँ मैं
कहूँ क्या कौन हूँ, क्या आग मेरी
बँधी है लेखनी, लाचार हूँ मैं

~ Ramdhari Singh Dinkar

“Itihas Ke Aansu”:

“Itihas Ke Aansu” (Tears of History) is a reflective poem that delves into the lessons of history. It emphasizes the importance of learning from the past, understanding the struggles of our ancestors, and working towards a better future. The poem serves as a reminder of the cyclical nature of history and the need for continuous progress.

“Samar Shesh Hai”:

“Samar Shesh Hai” (The Battle Is Not Over) is a powerful war poem that showcases the indomitable spirit of warriors. It depicts the fierce determination and resilience of soldiers who fight for their nation, even in the face of adversity. The poem highlights the eternal nature of the battle for righteousness.

These are just a few examples of the remarkable poems written by Ramdhari Singh Dinkar. His poetry reflects a deep understanding of human emotions, societal issues, and the struggle for freedom. Dinkar’s words continue to inspire and resonate with readers, making him an iconic figure in the realm of Hindi literature.

Ramdhari Singh Dinkar Poems (Dinkar Poet)

On our website, we present English Translations of many poems. Here are some Famous poems by Ramdhari Singh Dinkar. Ramdhari Singh Dinkar Poems (Dinkar Poet)


Ramdhari Singh Dinkar’s life and works exemplify the power of literature to shape societies and inspire individuals. His unwavering commitment to the freedom struggle and his deep-rooted patriotism earned him the title of “Rashtrakavi,” the National Poet of India. Dinkar’s poetry, with its profound thoughts, eloquent language, and unwavering spirit, continues to captivate readers and ignite a sense of national pride. His legacy remains etched in the annals of Indian literature, ensuring that his voice and ideals echo through the ages, inspiring generations to come.


Read More

About the Author

Categories: , , ,

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Scroll to Top